for quite some time I have been using FreeIPA to manage 2FA tokens (TOTP, Yubikey, SMS/eMail). As part of my MacOS Server Migration series and moving my OpenDirectory / Authentication services to FreeIPA, I also had to move PrivacyIDEA from my legacy MacOS Server and decided to move it to the FreeIPA server to have all authentication services on the same host. I am aware that FreeIPA also has OTP support built-in, but as that only supports TOTP tokens, this did not suit my needs.
In this post describes how to get this working, without interfering with the FreeIPA web interface/services. This turned out to be a bit tricky as it requires additional rights granted to work under SELinux.
Update 2019-09-18: added how to migrate an existing PrivacyIDEA instance.
Continue reading “Running PivacyIDEA with FreeIPA”
After migrating OpenDirectory (LDAP) to FreeIPA, the next step in my MacOS Server replacement is to migrate the (Free)Radius service as well so that FreeIPA becomes the single authentication source within my network like the MacOS Server has been for years. There are several online guides available describing how to setup FreeRadius on FreeIPA, also on the FreeIPA HowTo list, though as I ended up using fragments of multiple guides to install and configure FreeRadius on FreeIPA with LDAP and MSCHAPv2 support (needed for EAP and other mechanisms) I wrote this post as a single step by step guide.
Continue reading “MacOS Server Replacement #4 – Moving (Free)Radius to FreeIPA”
When setting up systems, configuring applications and making changes I prefer to script things rather than follow instructions. Main drawback of scripting is that it takes more time but has (in my view) a number of advantages
- Scripting makes things reproducible
- Allows for checking and validation
- (when needed) can produce change logs
- It can be reused when the same change has
However, frequently these scripts contain sensitive information (e.g. passwords) and must be transferred to someone (or another system) so they should not be stored in clear text. This post explains how to encrypt shell scripts using
Continue reading “Password-Protecting Shell Scripts”
openssl for cross-platform use.
I have been playing for quite a while MQTT to have my Arduino devices communicate with Node-Red for all kinds of automation. Due to the constraints of the Arduino’s, so far I have not been able to effectively secure this as SSL/TLS is not an option on these devices.
Mosquitto supports multiple listeners out of the box though aside from the listener-specific settings all listeners share the same global (e.g. authentication and plugin) settings. To secure my setup and to work on a more permanent solution I needed different settings per listener for which multiple Mosquitto instances are required (i.e. multiple instances of the
Continue reading “Multiple Mosquitto instances on Debian with Systemd”
mosquitto daemon with their configuration and listeners different IP addresses / ports). This was not difficult on my Debian server but as I did not find much documentation on this I will document the necessary steps in this post.